大学入学共通テスト (Daigaku Nyugaku Kyotsu Test) or the National Center Test for University Admissions is a standardized exam for students in Japan who are applying for admission to public and private universities. The test measures the academic abilities of students and their readiness for higher education.
History of the Test
The National Center Test for University Admissions was first introduced in 1990 to replace the previous system where universities conducted their own entrance exams. The new system aimed to provide a fair and equal opportunity for all students to enter universities regardless of their socioeconomic status or geographic location.
Initially, the test only covered four subjects: Japanese, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies. However, over the years, the test has undergone several changes and additions to include subjects such as English, Foreign Languages, and Information Studies.
The National Center Test for University Admissions consists of two parts: the Core Subjects Test and the Elective Subjects Test. The Core Subjects Test covers Japanese, Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies, while the Elective Subjects Test covers subjects chosen by the student.
The Core Subjects Test consists of multiple-choice questions, and students are given two hours and 45 minutes to complete it. The Elective Subjects Test, on the other hand, consists of both multiple-choice and open-ended questions, and students are given two hours and 25 minutes to complete it.
The National Center Test for University Admissions is held every year on the second weekend of January. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the test was postponed to January 2021.
The test is usually held over two days, with the Core Subjects Test being held on the first day and the Elective Subjects Test being held on the second day.
Registration and Eligibility
To be eligible to take the National Center Test for University Admissions, students must be in their third year of high school or equivalent. Students must also meet the minimum academic requirements set by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology.
Registration for the test usually takes place in the fall of the previous year, and students can register through their high schools or online. The registration fee for the test is 17,000 yen.
Scoring and Results
The National Center Test for University Admissions is scored on a scale of 0 to 200 points for each subject. The scores are then converted into a standardized score ranging from 20 to 80, with 50 being the average score.
The results of the test are usually released in late February, and students receive their scores through their high schools. The scores are then used by universities to determine admission eligibility and scholarship opportunities.
Preparation for the Test
Preparing for the National Center Test for University Admissions requires a lot of time and effort. Students are advised to start preparing at least six months before the test date. There are several ways to prepare for the test, including:
- Attending preparatory classes and study groups
- Using textbooks and study guides
- Taking practice tests
- Watching educational videos and lectures
- Working with a tutor or mentor
Tips for Taking the Test
Taking the National Center Test for University Admissions can be a stressful experience, but there are several tips that can help students perform their best. These include:
- Getting plenty of rest and eating a healthy meal before the test
- Reading all the instructions and questions carefully
- Managing time wisely and pacing oneself throughout the test
- Eliminating obviously wrong answers before choosing the best one
- Staying calm and focused throughout the test
The National Center Test for University Admissions is an important exam for students in Japan who want to pursue higher education. It measures their academic abilities and readiness for university-level courses. By understanding the test structure, registration process, and preparation strategies, students can increase their chances of performing well on the test and getting into their desired universities.